Uses, Benefits and Side Effects of Inhalers.

Inhalers Overview

A quick relief for allergy triggered asthma. Everyone is excited to wake up on a sunny, mild morning with the mist of blooming floras far and wide at the advent of the spring season. However, if you are one of the 8.3% of American who wakes up with whooping cough, wheezing chest, congestion, and difficulty in breathing, then you have allergic asthma.

Seasonal allergies and asthma outbreaks are linked closely together, and so do their treatment. Asthma associated with season would be treated with inhalers with chronic asthma. Reading further, we will let you know the various types of inhalers available to allow you to breathe well in the coming autumn.


What is Allergic Asthma?

Certain allergens like pollens, spores, or weeds that cause watery eyes and sneezing in some people can induce asthma attacks in others. Seasonal asthma is usually referred to as allergic asthma, which is the most prevalent form of asthma. About 90% of kids with childhood asthma have allergies compared to around 50% of adults with asthma. Other than seasonal related asthma, other allergens that you may be sensitive to may cause allergic asthma once they enter your airways.

These allergens commonly include: cockroaches, their body parts, saliva, and feces. Dust mites, pet dander, or mold.

Once these allergens get into your body, it overreacts your immune system and tightens the muscle around your airways. The air passage is swollen up and gets clogged with thick mucus. The symptoms and treatment of allergic asthma or non-allergic asthma are usually the same.

Inhaler Options for the Treatment of Allergic Asthma

If you or your dear ones are suffering from allergic asthma, proper and on-time treatment can help you live an active life. The best treatment for any type of asthma up to date are inhalers. Here you get a rundown of the types of inhalers and their outline.

What is an Inhaler?

An inhaler, also known as a pump, is a device that contains a drug that you need when you are shortening in breathing. An inhaler is a primarily used medicine for asthma as when pumped through the mouth, the medicine moves directly into the lungs of the patient that provides instant relief by narrowing the airways. The inhaler styles are numerous and can be confusing if you are new in using them.

Types of Inhalers

Reliever Inhalers: Include Medications for Bronchitis

If you are breathless, wheezy, or breathing heavily, you should take a relief inhaler when you are needed. The muscle in the airways is relieved by the medication in this inhaler. This opens the airways more widely and typically promotes the effects rapidly. The bronchodilators are named as they expand (dilate) the airways (bronchial ones).

Mainly there are two types of bronchitis medicine:

  • Salbutamol
  • Terbutaline

These are available by various companies and brands. Different inhaler devices may deliver the same medicine. Always read the label before using them. If you have symptoms rarely, you may need to use a relieving inhaler from time to time. However, preventive inhalers are generally recommended if you need a reliever inhaler three or more days a week to ease symptoms.

Preventive Inhalers: Include Steroids

It is taken regularly to avoid the development of symptoms. The most popular form of the drug in prevention pumps is a steroid. Steroids act by reducing airway inflammation. When the inflammation is over, the airways are possibly less narrowed, hence preventing the signs of wheezing. Inhalers with steroids are usually taken twice a day. You could be recommended to use the preventive inhaler more frequently if you have an exacerbation of your asthma symptoms.

The impact of a preventer inhaler takes 7-14 days before it shows its effects. This means that the symptoms are not instantly alleviated, as is the case with reliever inhaler. The signs always go away or are far diminished after a week or two with the treatment of a preventive inhaler. However, for maximum improvement, it can take up to six weeks. If a daily preventer manages the symptoms of your asthma, you do not need to use an inhaler for relief too often or at all.

The primary steroid preventer inhaler medicine is:

  • Beclometasone
  • Budesonide
  • Fluticasone
  • Ciclesonide
  • Mometasone

Depending on the medicine, the colors of inhaler devices differ accordingly and are usually available with the same colors even with different brands.

Long-acting Inhalers for Bronchodilators

The medications in these inhalers work like relievers yet work for up to 12 hours after each dosage. They include:

  • Salmeterol
  • Formoterol

In addition to a steroid inhaler, a long-acting bronchodilator can be recommended if the effects are not managed completely by the steroid inhaler on their own. Some inhaler brands include a steroid and a long-lasting bronchodilator for those who need their symptoms to be managed.

Side Effects of Inhalers

Inhaled medicines have doses minimal relative to pills or liquid drugs. As a consequence, they have fewer side effects. This is one of the main benefits of using inhales. However, with some people, there are some side-effects with inhales too. For descriptions of potential side effects, read the leaflet that comes with the inhaler.

Usage of some steroid inhalers causes thrush, sore throat, or hoarse voice in some patients. Rinsing your mouth with fresh water subsequently would help to reduce these side effects.

Long-term use of high doses of inhaled corticosteroids may result in loss of bone density. Some less common side effects may include palpitations, rapid heart rate, headache, or muscle pain.

Benefits of Using Inhalers

Inhaled steroids have a much greater advantage for asthma control than risks related to asthma that include:

  • Lower rates of asthma attacks
  • Reduced allergic asthma attacks
  • Decrease use of reliever inhalers and quick-relief inhalers
  • Improvements in lung functioning
  • Reduced trips to hospitals and asthma emergency


Inhalers work well for the symptoms of allergic asthma as they work instantly by moving the medicine directly into the lungs and airways. Before getting one for you, it is crucial that you should be well versed in the medicine used in the inhaler and your symptoms.  It is recommended to use preventive inhalers before the arrival of seasonal changes to avoid severe asthma-related allergic attacks.

Written by: Madiha Ather Hashmi (September 28, 2020)

Medically Reviewed By
Dr. Ahmed Abdelmajeed
Alexandria University Hospital

I have reviewed the articles on and I would like to say that I was very surprised.
Over years, I have seen many different articles in the field of allergy, but these articles were very interesting.
These articles were really unique, they could help many people around the world to know more about seasonal allergy, symptoms, prevention and when to seek medical advice.
These articles represent an addition in the field of Health Education not only for people with allergy but also for the whole population.

Looking to learn more about allergy lifestyles? Find a full list of living with allergies resources here.

Last Updated on July 5, 2023

Seasonal Allergies